- This study gives an account of workshops held for health care leaders from fifteen countries in Europe on the needs for developing nursing leadership. Whilst the initial focus for development was nursing, the workshops in particular highlighted the need for multidisciplinary as well as uni-disciplinary development. In all the countries involved, there were less leadership development opportunities specifically for nurses than there were for doctors and managers. However, the major issues facing nurse leaders also faced other clinical professions. The profile of the strategic leader in Europe which emerged from the workshops is described, as well as the main ideas for leadership development. The study also includes a review of nursing leadership literature in Europe.